Visitors to Canada who meet the legal age of the province or territory where they enter may import 40 oz. (1.14 L) of liquor or wine or 288 oz. (24-12 oz. cans) of beer or ale. In Manitoba, the legal age is 18. All provinces except Nunavut and the Northwest Territories allow visitors to import quantities above the duty-free allowance, up to certain limits. Provincial and federal taxes must be paid on the surplus, however, and the cost is high. Note: In instances where the visit is for a short duration, Customs may limit quantities to amounts that are appropriate to the nature, purpose and duration of the visit. Visitors who enter Canada and then make a short trip abroad are not entitled to claim free importation of alcoholic beverages or tobacco products upon their return unless the duration of the absence is 48 hours or more. After 48 hours, the visit is considered to be a new one and the usual allotment applies.
Visitors who meet the minimum age set by the province or territory where they enter Canada may import 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 200 grams (7 oz.) of manufactured tobacco and 200 tobacco sticks duty free. In Manitoba, the minimum age for importation of tobacco products is 18. Quantities above the duty-free allowance are subject to federal and sometimes provincial taxes and the cost to import them is high. Any shipment of more than six cartons of cigarettes must also meet Canadian marking regulations. Note: In instances where the visit is for a short duration, Customs may limit quantities to amounts that are appropriate to the nature, purpose and duration of the visit. Visitors who enter Canada and then make a short trip abroad are not entitled to claim free importation of alcoholic beverages or tobacco products upon their return unless the duration of the absence is 48 hours or more. After 48 hours, the visit is considered to be a new one and the usual allotment applies.
Visitors may import food for their own use without duty payment, provided the quantity is consistent with the duration and nature of the stay in Canada. Larger quantities that are not intended for consumption, but will be moved in transit through Canada, may be documented on a temporary admission permit. Certain fruits, vegetables and meat from countries other than the U.S. may be prohibited. All importations of meat over 20 kg (44 lb.) must be inspected by the Canadian Food & Inspection Agency.
Gasoline and Fuel
Visitors are allowed free entry of fuel up to the normal tank capacity of their vehicles. Quantities above that amount may be subject to duty.
Dogs and Cats
Dogs and cats from the United States must be accompanied by a certificate signed and dated by a veterinarian stating that the animal has been vaccinated against rabies within the last three years. The certificate must provide sufficient description to identify the animal. Animal tags are NOT acceptable in lieu of a certificate. Puppies and kittens less than three months old do not require rabies vaccinations but must be in good health. Pets imported from countries other than the United States may require quarantine.
Firearms and All Other Weapons
All Weapons - Including firearms, mace, tear gas, and pepper spray - must be declared to customs upon arrival. Under Canadian law, visitors are not allowed to import firearms and defensive sprays for personal protection. Visitors who are at least 18 years old may import ordinary rifles and shotguns that do not fall into the prohibited and restricted categories for hunting, sporting use, competition, movement in transit or for protection against wildlife in remote areas (excluding National Parks), provided the officer is satisfied with the circumstances of the importation. The following weapons are prohibited by law and cannot be imported for any reason: mace, pepper spray and teargas, (unless labelled by the manufacturer as for use against animals and is contained in a container that has a greater capacity than 224 gr or 224 ml); all fully automatic weapons (even if they are subsequently altered not to fire automatically); most assault pistols; combat shotguns, assault rifles and carbines; rifles or shotguns that have been altered so that they are less than 26 inches (660 mm) long or have barrels less than 18 inches (457 mm) long; large capacity magazines capable of holding more than five rounds for centre fire semi-automatic rifles or shotguns and more than 10 rounds for semi-automatic handguns; compact crossbows; push-dagger knives; switchblade knives and brass knuckles. Certain other weapons are restricted and may only be imported for the purpose of attending an approved shooting competition or target practice at an approved shooting club or range. You will need an Authorization to Transport before you can enter Canada. You must obtain this authorization in advance from the Chief Firearms Officer of the Canadian province or territory you will be visiting. This authorization will permit you to transport your restricted firearms between specified places within Canada. Restricted firearms may not be imported for hunting or personal protection. Chief Firearms Officers will not generally issue authorizations to allow restricted firearms to be moved in transit through Canada. Restricted firearms include semi-automatic firearms with barrels less than 18.5 inches (460 mm) long, all handgunds that do not fall into the prohibited category and semi-automatic weapons that are designed or adapted to be fired when reduced to an overall length of less than 26 inches (660 mm)
Major Changes in the procedures for bringing firearms into Canada affect the firearms declaration process, temporay licensing, associated fees and subsequent export of your firearms. All visitors bringing firearms are advised to contact the Canadian Firearms Centre before coming to Canada to ensure they are in compliance with the most recent procedures.
Radar Detection Devices
Radar detectors are illegal in Manitoba. No person shall drive a motor vehicle that is equipped, or equip a motor vehicle, with a device for detecting radar speed; or have possession of a device for detecting radar speed determination equipment in a motor vehicle; or permit a motor vehicle of which he is the registered owner to become or to remain equipped with a device for detecting radar speed testing equipment.
Duty-Free Exemption for Returning U.S. Residents
$800 Duty-free. After more than 48 hours in Canada, U.S. residents may take back up to $800 fair retail value of merchandise for personal or household use free of United States duty or tax, once every 30 days. Up to 100 cigars (non-Cuban), 1 L (33.8 fl. oz.) of alcoholic beverage (if the resident has attained the age of 21) and 200 cigarettes (1 carton) per person, may be included in the duty-free exemption. Goods must accompany the resident upon arrival in the United States. U.S. residents visiting Canada for less than 48 hours may take back $200 worth of merchandise duty-free. The following may be included, but the total fair retail value must not exceed $200: 50 cigarettes, 10 cigars (non-Cuban), 150 ml (4 fl. oz.) of alcoholic beverages or alcoholic perfume. Products of Cuban origin are prohibited.